TOP: 1851 .36 Navy Colt. "Wild Bill" Hitchcock used two of these.
These pistols were much lighter than the larger caliber pistols (.41
and up). It is said, he was equally as good with either hand. These
pistols were ball and cap. Rumor has it, Bill reloaded his pistols
every morning, in an effort to eliminate misfires!

LEFT: Wyatt Earp wielded a 1873 .45 single action Army Cavalry Colt
with a 7.5 inch barrel. He used the barrel to subdue drunks and
outlaws, by hitting them upside their heads. Some information
suggests, he also carried the same pistol, with a 5.5 inch barrel, in
case he needed a little fire power.

RIGHT: General George s. Patton's Pearl Handled 1873 .45 caliber
single action Colt. George was also known to carry a Smith &
Wesson .357. He carried these pistols through out World War II.

BOTTOM: Philadelphia Deringer (original spelling) 1852-1868 .44
caliber, ball and cap, used by John Wilkes Booth to assassinate
President Abraham Lincoln. The pistol was notoriously finicky, thus,
came with it's own equipment for making bullets. Despite, the size of
the pistol in the picture, it will fit in the palm of your hand.
In 1865, usually sold in pairs for about $25.00.
State regulations relating to the issuance of concealed carry permits
generally fall into four categories described as Unrestricted, Shall
Issue, May issue and No Issue.

UNRESTRICTED  An Unrestricted jurisdiction is one in which no
permit is required to carry a concealed handgun. Among U.S. States,
only Alaska, Vermont, and Arizona allow residents to carry a
concealed firearm without a permit.
Alaska is both a Shall-Issue and an Unrestricted state. Alaska does
not require a permit for any law-abiding individual to carry a handgun,
either openly or concealed, within the state's borders. However, the
state continues to issue permits to any of its residents who meet the
state's issuance criteria for reciprocity reasons; Alaska residents can
carry with a permit while in other states that recognize the Alaska
concealed carry license.
Vermont is unique in that permits are not issued for purposes of
reciprocity. Since Vermont does not issue permits, its residents are
unable to legally carry concealed in other states that would normally
recognize out-of-state permit holders unless they hold some other
state's permit. As a way around this situation, such person who
wishes to legally carry a concealed firearm in another state can apply
for and receive a non-resident permit from a state that issues
non-resident permits, with Florida typically being the state of choice
because it holds the widest reciprocity compared with other states
that issue non-resident permits.
Arizona is an unrestricted carry state. On April 16, 2010, Arizona
Governor Jan Brewer signed legislation allowing for unrestricted
carry. The law took effect 90 days after the end of the state's current
legislative session, putting the effective date on July 29, 2010. Arizona
followed the lead of Alaska by continuing to issue permits on a
"shall-issue" basis.
In Utah, a bill is being discussed that would allow Vermont style carry.

The Federal Gun Free School Zone Act of 1995 severely limits where
an unlicensed person may carry.

SHALL ISSUE  A Shall-Issue jurisdiction is one that requires a permit
to carry a concealed handgun, but where the granting of such permits
is subject only to meeting certain criteria laid out in the law; the
granting authority has no discretion in the awarding of the permits.
Such laws typically state that a granting authority shall issue a permit
if the criteria are met, as opposed to laws in which the authority may
issue a permit at their discretion.
Typical permit requirements include residency, minimum age,
submitting fingerprints, passing a computerized instant background
check, attending a certified handgun/firearm safety class, and paying
a required fee.
These requirements vary widely by jurisdiction. Georgia,
Pennsylvania, and Washington have no training/safety certification
The following are undisputed Shall-Issue states: Alaska, Arizona,
Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas,
Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi,
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico,
North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania,
South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia,
Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
The status of Alabama and Connecticut are in some dispute among
gun rights activists. The laws of both states, strictly speaking, would
place them in the May-Issue category, as permit issue is by statute
discretionary. However, gun rights activists claim that these states are
effectively "Shall-Issue" in practice as counties frequently issue
permits to applicants who meet certain basic criteria.
Connecticut has a two-tiered permitting system, a local carry permit
which is issued on a May-Issue basis, and a state carry permit which
is issued on a Shall-Issue basis. Applying for a state weapons carry
permit in Connecticut can take up to six months. Firearms owners
must first apply for a local carry permit through the local police
department, whose willingness to issue such permits may range from
No-Issue to Shall-Issue depending on the town (permits are generally
easier to obtain in rural areas than in urban areas). The local police
department has up to eight weeks to process the local permit
application from the time it was submitted to the time the application is
adjudicated. If the permit application is denied by the local police
department, the applicant may appeal the denial to the Board of
Firearms Permit Examiners (BFPE), which must issue a weapons
carry permit within 90 days of submission if the applicant meets none
of the statutory criteria that would disqualify him or her from holding
such permit. Regardless of whether the local permit is granted or
denied, the applicant must then apply for a state carry permit, which
the BFPE must issue provided the applicant is not disqualified
from holding a carry permit by law.

MAY ISSUE  A May-Issue jurisdiction is one that requires a permit to
carry a concealed handgun, and where the granting of such permits is
partially at the discretion of local authorities (frequently the sheriff's
department or police). The law typically states that a granting
authority may issue a permit if various criteria are met. While an
applicant must qualify for a permit by meeting criteria defined in state
law, local jurisdictions in May-Issue states often have locally-defined
requirements that an applicant must meet before a permit will be
granted, such as providing adequate justification to the approval
authority for needing a concealed carry permit (self-defense in and of
itself may not be sufficient justification in some areas where
justification is required). A state that is de jure a May-Issue jurisdiction
may range anywhere from No-Issue to Shall-Issue in actual practice.
Alabama, by law, is a May-Issue state, but Alabama county sheriffs
issue permits to almost all qualified applicants, making it Shall-Issue
in practice.
California gives wide latitude to the county authorities in issuing
permits. In California, the usual issuance of the permits ranges from a
No-Issue policy, such as San Francisco, to an almost Shall-Issue
environment in rural areas. However, a permit to carry is generally
valid statewide, although local ordinances may prohibit open or
concealed carry with or without a permit in some jurisdictions.
Delaware By law is a "may issue" state. To obtain a concealed carry
permit there is a lengthy application process requiring background
checks and sworn, signed statements from 5 references. However,
once these steps are completed permits are usually granted. Also,
despite the fact that Delaware is a " may issue " state there are
reciprocity agreements between various states and Delaware which
allows many out-of-state residents to legally carry a concealed
weapon in Delaware.
In Hawaii, carry is allowed with a permit, but it's restricted to "On Duty,
In Uniform" and one's employer must register through a local police
department. Generally, active and retired peace officers, uniformed
security personnel, armored couriers, and Active Duty military
members are granted permits.
Maryland law contains provisions for citizens to apply for a concealed
carry permit under a limited set of circumstances. These include
several occupational reasons such as business owners or their
employee who makes large cash deposits, retired police officers,
doctors, pharmacists, private detectives, security guards, and railroad
police. Correctional officers (who do not require a permit while on
duty but cannot carry off duty) may obtain a permit if they can provide
legally documented evidence of threats on their life. Similarly, private
citizens can obtain a permit if they provide evidence of recent death
threats that have been documented by the police. Detractors have
complained that the permitting process is capricious, and only those
with political or police connections can obtain a permit. However, in
recent years the number of permits granted has increased sharply
from 4,405 in 2002 to 47,471 in 2010 even though the requirements for
obtaining a permit have remained quite strict.
Massachusetts is a "may issue" state for License to Carry Firearms
(LTC) "Class A" and "Class B" with the Class A covering 'high
capacity' handguns and long arms and the Class B covering
'non-high capacity' handguns and long arms. An LTC grants the
holder permission to carry concealed however it can be 'restricted' by
the local police chief to curtail that ability. Alternatively, a Firearms
Identification Card (FID) is available and covers only non-large
capacity rifles or shotguns, ammunition therefore and chemical
sprays. A restricted FID for chemical sprays is also available. An FID
card does not grant the recipient the ability to carry concealed. Both
versions of the FID license are "shall issue".
New Jersey is a "may issue" state, and issues to permits to residents
and non-residents. Out of a population of 8,000,000 people there are
less than 1,000 handgun carry permits in the state (including armed
professionals other than law enforcement officers).
New York also gives wide latitude to the county authorities in issuing
pistol licenses. In New York City, a concealed pistol license is allowed
by law, but detractors have claimed it takes a large degree of wealth,
political influence, and/or celebrity status to obtain. In contrast, many
rural Upstate New York counties are effectively Shall-Issue in their
licensing policies.

NO ISSUE  A No-Issue jurisdiction is one that does not allow any
private citizen to carry a concealed handgun. The term refers to the
fact that no concealed carry permits will be issued (or recognized).
Illinois, Wisconsin, and the District of Columbia are No-Issue
jurisdictions. While technically May-Issue under state law, Hawaii
and New Jersey are also No-Issue jurisdictions in practice.

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